Bleached Bones Avenue 白骨街道 Dir: Akio Fujimoto [Osaka Asian Film Festival 2020]

Bleached Bones Avenue

白骨街道Hakkotsu kaidō

Release Date: 2020

Duration: 16 mins.

Director: Akio Fujimoto

Writer: N/A

Starring: Pu paul pau, Lang Za Khup


Screened at the Osaka Asian Film Festival 2020, Bleached Bones Avenue is the latest title from director Akio Fujimoto and, on the face of it, this short is a curious follow-up film to his previous work, the family drama Passage of Life (2017), which was shown at the festival back in 2018. However, it continues to examine the human links between Japan and Myanmar in its own unique way.

Fujimoto’s latest film takes place in Myanmar’s Chin state and observes the work of a team from the Zomi tribe who recover the remains of Japanese soldiers who died during the battle of Imphal. We watch as these men, each clad in simple tracksuits, hoodies and t-shirts, prepare for their work then travel by SUV to some remote area. A stream of sequences flow by where the action consists of the team traversing steep mountains, dense with trees, where they dig with simple tools. The only sounds are of bird cries, the voices the men and the tools they use as they gouge out chunks of earth in the hope of bones surfacing from the past. Although the environment looks as if it has remained untouched by human hands, the scars of war are gradually unearthed. This is most potently evidenced in the memories of wartime atrocities passed on from older members of the team to the younger ones and the wreckage of a tank which forms the focal point of a valley. As with the digging, human connections resurface from the river of time and the natural landscape.

On first viewing, Bleached Bones Avenue feels like a documentary. The camera observes everything without any visual or aural ostentations to distract. There are some poetic visuals due to the sheer natural beauty of the landscape but the art happened on the location just as much as in the editing. However, while the film records and displays vital history, this is no documentary. Every cut naturally flows into the next so spontaneous moments of play when younger members throw stones off the mountain seamlessly move into the sober moments of reflection when the elders pass on the memories of people who encountered soldiers and witnessed atrocities during the war. Camera placement and framing of subjects by Fujimoto and cinematographer Kentaro Kishi (Hammock), generates an almost visceral atmosphere – it is as if a single current is pulling everything along throughout the film’s 16 minutes.

Full theatricality is seen when the film takes on the point of view of a Japanese soldier who observes the team digging, as signaled by the screen turning black and white and a shot of an eye observing the action. It creates a poignant feeling since this POV belongs to a ghost of the past conjured up by the digging, adding another layer to the idea of past and present being connected by the team. The film’s location already gives it an ethereal atmosphere but these theatrical moments enhance the sense of a haunted atmosphere.

As we travel with the team through the mountain paths and gaze over vast distances covered with jungle, audiences will begin to appreciate the hardship the soldiers and local tribes had to suffered through. Its this experiential factor is what makes the film different from others that have tackled the history of Imphal as Bleached Bones Avenue zeroes in on the local environment and people, connecting viewers to the past through how it has influenced the action of people in the present.

Bleached Bones Avenue was shown at the Osaka Asian Film Festival on March 10 and 14.

My review was first published on V-Cinema on July 07th.

The battle of Imphal may have been an important moment in World War II but the history of it and the human suffering involved is at risk of being forgotten as generations move on and consume films and TV with the action in the Pacific War and the European theatre as subjects. While the tactical errors form the basis of the documentaries out there, fiction films tend to be in short supply and seem to have stopped some time in the 60s. Notable titles using Myanmar as a backdrop include the Errol Flynn actioner Objective, Burma! (1945), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) and Kon Ichikawa’s Burmese Harp (1956). A memorable one is the bleak British film The Long the Short and the Tall (1961) which starred Lawrence Harvey. Bleached Bones Avenue takes a different tack entirely as it is shot in the country in the present but reverberates with the echoes of the past and gives a sense of the actual physical hardship and the privations of the soldiers and civilians who suffered through that period of time.

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